8 Things You Should Know About Your Car's Oxygen 02 Sensor

Understanding the Oxygen Sensor in Your Car

We’ll learn all we can about the Oxygen Sensor in your vehicle. As an example, consider answering the following question: What happens when an oxygen sensor fails? How does the oxygen sensor work? Can you drive with a faulty oxygen sensor? What is the function of an oxygen sensor in a car? The location of the oxygen sensor The trouble code is linked to an oxygen sensor issue, and How to Replace an Oxygen Sensor

1.) What is an Oxygen Sensor, and how does it work?

An oxygen sensor is a device that detects the presence of oxygen in the air.
The oxygen sensor (sometimes known as a “O2 sensor” since O2 is the chemical formula for oxygen) is installed in the vehicle’s exhaust manifold to measure how much unburned oxygen is present in the exhaust as it leaves the engine.

These sensors tell your vehicle whether the fuel mix is rich (not enough oxygen) or lean (too much oxygen) by measuring oxygen levels and transmitting that information to your engine’s computer (too much oxygen). Maintaining the proper air-to-fuel ratio is essential to keeping your vehicle operating smoothly.

Because the O2 sensor affects engine performance, emissions, and fuel economy, it’s critical to learn how they function and make sure yours is in good operating order.

2.) Where is the location of the oxygen sensors?

The number of oxygen sensors installed in a vehicle varies. Every automobile manufactured after 1996 must be equipped with an oxygen sensor located both upstream and downstream of each catalytic converter. So although most cars are equipped with two oxygen sensors, those with dual exhaust systems have four oxygen sensors — one upstream and one downstream of the catalytic converter on each engine bank — while most vehicles are supplied with two oxygen sensors.

common LOCATION OF oxygen sensor

3.) 7 Symptoms That Your Oxygen Sensor Is Faulty

  1. The Check Engine Light Is On
  2. There has been a noticeable decrease in fuel efficiency.
  3. Exhaust Sulfur or ‘Rotten Egg’ scent
  4. Exhaust smoke is black.
  5. Emission levels have reached dangerously high levels.
  6. Your engine lags, skips, starts bucking, or has power spikes.
  7. (This is something we strive to prevent by detecting O2 sensor problems early on) Your catalytic converter failed unexpectedly.

4.) Is it fine to drive with a faulty oxygen sensor?

Yes, you can drive with a faulty oxygen sensor provided your engine starts and you have minimal trouble driving. But don’t leave it alone for more than a couple of days, since it may create safety issues and cause other components of your car to malfunction.

A faulty oxygen sensor may result in slow and rough driving with stalls, as well as poor fuel economy and excessive emissions. If you keep it there for a long time, it may cause severe issues in the engine and catalytic converter, which can cost thousands of dollars to repair or replace.

As a result, you should get the oxygen sensor examined as soon as possible, such as by visiting a technician over the weekend. If you have a vehicle diagnostic tool, you can read the OBD2 code, look up potential reasons online, and attempt a few easy solutions. A problem code indicating that the O2 sensor is malfunctioning may sometimes be resolved by cleaning the O2 sensor or replacing a related pipe.

5.) How Do You Test Oxygen Sensors?

Because the O2 sensor is so essential in keeping your engine operating as effectively and cleanly as possible, it’s critical to ensure that it’s in good functioning order. Most oxygen sensors have a lifespan of 30,000 to 50,000 miles, or 3-5 years, with newer sensors lasting much longer with appropriate maintenance and upkeep.

You may test the oxygen sensor at home using a voltmeter or an OBD2 scan tool, such as the Launch X431 Scanner. To view the voltage and reaction time of your O2 sensors, go to the Launch X431  live data stream.

A well working front (upstream) O2 sensor 1 will often transition from rich to lean at a fairly constant pace, resulting in a wavelike shape. The voltage produced by the O2 sensor should range from 0.1V to 0.9V, with 0.9V on the rich side and 0.1V on the lean side. If your results fall within this range, the O2 sensor is working correctly.

The rear (downstream) oxygen sensor 2 is a catalyst monitor, and if everything is working properly, this sensor will be hanging around half a volt. This dimension, however, varies depending on the manufacturer.

6.) What is the typical lifespan of an oxygen sensor?

In general, your oxygen sensor should last between 50,000 and 60,000 kilometers. However, if your engine is well-maintained, the sensor(s) may live considerably longer, perhaps even the life of the vehicle.

7.) Can you fix the oxygen sensor?

Oxygen sensors are very simple to troubleshoot and replace. In most cases, a malfunctioning O2 sensor cannot be repaired. Because of the technology and materials used in its construction, it must be replaced.

8.) 36 DTC OBD Codes Related to Oxygen Sensor

  1. P0130 02 Sensor Circuit Malfunction (Bank I Sensor 1)
  2. P0131 02 Sensor Circuit Low Voltage (Bank I Sensor I)
  3. P0132 02 Sensor Circuit High Voltage (Bank I Sensor 1)
  4. P0133 02 Sensor Circuit Slow Response (Bank 1 Sensor 1)
  5. P0134 02 Sensor Circuit No Activity Detected (Bank I Sensor 1)
  6. P0135 02 Sensor Heater Circuit Malfunction (Bank 1 Sensor 1)
  7. P0136 02 Sensor Circuit Malfunction (Bank I Sensor 2)
  8. P0137 02 Sensor Circuit Low Voltage (Bank I Sensor 2)
  9. P0138 02 Sensor Circuit High Voltage (Bank I Sensor 2)
  10. P0139 02 Sensor Circuit Slow Response (Bank 1 Sensor 2)
  11. P0140 02 Sensor Circuit No Activity Detected (Bank 1 Sensor 2)
  12. P0141 02 Sensor Heater Circuit Malfunction (Bank 1 Sensor 2)
  13. P0142 02 Sensor Circuit Malfunction (Bank I Sensor 3)
  14. P0143 02 Sensor Circuit Low Voltage (Bank I Sensor 3)
  15. P0144 02 Sensor Circuit High Voltage (Bank I Sensor 3)
  16. P0145 02 Sensor Circuit Slow Response (Bank 1 Sensor 3)
  17. P0146 02 Sensor Circuit No Activity Detected (Bank I Sensor 3)
  18. P0147 02 Sensor Heater Circuit Malfunction (Bank I Sensor 3)
  19. P0150 02 Sensor Circuit Malfunction (Bank 2 Sensor I)
  20. P0151 02 Sensor Circuit Low Voltage (Bank 2 Sensor I)
  21. P0152 02 Sensor Circuit High Voltage (Bank 2 Sensor 1)
  22. P0153 02 Sensor Circuit Slow Response (Bank 2 Sensor 1)
  23. P0154 02 Sensor Circuit No Activity Detected (Bank 2 Sensor 1)
  24. P0155 02 Sensor Heater Circuit Malfunction (Bank 2 Sensor 1)
  25. P0156 02 Sensor Circuit Malfunction (Bank 2 Sensor 2)
  26. P0157 02 Sensor Circuit Low Voltage (Bank 2 Sensor 2)
  27. P0158 02 Sensor Circuit High Voltage (Bank 2 Sensor 2)
  28. P0159 02 Sensor Circuit Slow Response (Bank 2 Sensor 2)
  29. P0160 02 Sensor Circuit No Activity Detected (Bank 2 Sensor 2)
  30. P0161 02 Sensor Heater Circuit Malfunction (Bank 2 Sensor 2)
  31. P0162 02 Sensor Circuit Malfunction (Bank 2 Sensor 3)
  32. P0163 02 Sensor Circuit Low Voltage (Bank 2 Sensor 3)
  33. P0164 02 Sensor Circuit High Voltage (Bank 2 Sensor 3)
  34. P0165 02 Sensor Circuit Slow Response (Bank 2 Sensor 3)
  35. P0166 02 Sensor Circuit No Activity Detected (Bank 2 Sensor 3)
  36. P0167 02 Sensor Heater Circuit Malfunction (Bank 2 Sensor 3)

Compile and research by: Erwin Salarda -Thank you very much

 

 

 

By erwincsalarda

Hello, my name is Erwin Salarda, and I'm from the Philippines. My main interests are computers and automobiles, and I am very enthusiastic about learning new things in life. Everything on my website was created with the intention of sharing it with you.